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Flame Arresters

Western Tydens Nigeria Limited has partnered with Barton Firtop Engineering UK Limited to introduce our KITO brand of ATEX (Atmospheric Explosive) EN 12874/ISO 16852 approved Flame Arresters to the Nigerian market.

Please take a moment to review our complete range of Flame Arresters.

End-of-line Deflagration:

KITO© End-of-line, or Hooded Tank Vent, flame arresters are designed as a breather/venting safety device which incorporate an explosion proof flame arrester for typical installation on top of storage tanks, tank access covers or breather pipes etc.

The breather allows for the unimpeded flow of gases out to atmosphere and clean air into the tank/pipe thereby preventing vacuum locks whilst ensuring provision of a permanent and reliable protection against any flashback into the tank/pipe. 

End-of-line - Short & Long Burning Proof:

KITO© ventilation hoods are fittings which allow for a continuous exchange of gas with the atmosphere and protect the venting apertures on tanks, containers and pipes.

The ventilation hood allows for the unimpeded flow of air into the container and gases out to relieve dangerous internal pressure. The ingress of rain and dirt into the venting aperture is prevented by an acrylic glass cover incorporating a fine mesh filter screen, metallic covers are also available.

In the event of a fire the acrylic glass cover will burn without leaving any residue. The metallic cover will open, enabling the high temperature created by the burning product vapour/air mixture at the flame arrester element to escape to atmosphere. The KITO© flame arrester element simultaneously provides constant and reliable protection against any flashback into the container. KITO© flame arresters fulfill the stringent requirements for endurance burning safe arresters.

In-line flame arrester, Deflagration Proof:

If explosive gases ignite in a pipe then the reaction initially starts as a deflagration (explosion) characterised by relatively low pressures and flame speeds.

KITO© deflagration arresters are installed to prevent a continuation of the reaction into other parts of the connected system. In contrast to detonation arresters, there are limitations on the length of the pipe on which the deflagration may be installed. These limitations are governed by the distance of the potential ignition source from the arrester. Where there are special conditions for appertaining the nature of the system, e.g. installation in torch lines or thermal incineration plants, the incorporation of one or more thermal sensors on the flame arrester element is mandatory for identifying an outbreak of fire. An appropriate switch circuit that triggers emergency measures against a potential endurance fire must be connected.

In-line detonation:

If explosive vapour or gas mixtures are ignited in a pipe, a deflagration can develop into a (stable) detonation if the pipe work and run-up length are appropriate. The resultant force of such an detonation is tremendous; the KITO© detonation proof safety devices are built for this. The mounted flame arrester element will remain functioning and will hold back the flames that follow the shock wave.

Also if an unstable detonation must be taken into account, there is a range of devices tested and certified for this specific hazard.